Scientific Publications


High mortality in subjects with both diabetes and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

Burgess PI, Harding SP, Kayange PC, van Oosterhout JJ, García-Fiñana M, Msukwa G,  Allain TJ. AIDS 2018, 32:2083–2085. Read more

Early experiences integrating hypertension and diabetes screening and treatment in a human immunodeficiency virus clinic in Malawi

Pfaff C, Singano V,  Akello H. Amberbir A, Berman J, Kwekwesa A, Banda V, Speight C, Allain T,  van Oosterhout JJ. Int Health Doi: 10.1093/inthealth /ihy049. Read more

A targeted approach for routine viral load monitoring in Malawian adults on antiretroviral therapy

Mungwira R.G, Divala T.H, Nyirenda O.M, Kanjala M, Choko A, Taylor T.E, Mallewa J, Muwalo F, van Oosterhout J.J, Laufer M.K, Laurens M.B. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2018; 23 (5): 526-532. Doi: 10.1111/tmi.13047. Read more

Ebola Virus Persistence in Ocular Tissues and Fluids (EVICT) Study: Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction and Cataract Surgery Outcomes of Ebola Survivors in Sierra Leone

Shantha J.G, Mattia J.G, Goba A, Barnes K.G, Ebrahim F.K, Kraft C.S, Hayek B.R, Hartnett J.N, Shaffer J.G, Schieffelin J.S, Sandi J.D, Momoh. M, Jalloh S, Grant D.S, Dierberg K, Chang J, Mishra S, Chan A.K, Fowler R, O’Dempsey T, Kaluma E, Hendricks T, Reiners R, Reiners M, Gess L.A, ONeill K, Kamara S, Wurie A, Mansaray M, Acharya N.R, Liu W.J, Bavari S, Palacios G, Teshome M, Crozier I, Farmer P.E, Uyeki T.M, Bausch D.G, Garry R.F, Vandy M.J, Yeh S. EBioMedicine, 2018; ISSN 2352-3964. Doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.03.02. Read more

Patterns of caesarean section in HIV infected and non-infected women in Malawi: is caesarean section used for PMTCT?

Tenthani L, van Oosterhout JJ, Haas AD, Msukwa M, Phiri N, Chimbwandira F, Tal K, Aebi-Popp K, Estill J, Keiser O. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Apr 12;18(1):95. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-1722-4. Read more

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a cross-sectional study in Malawi.

van Lettow M, Landes M, van Oosterhout JJ, Schouten E, Phiri H, Nkhoma E, Kalua T, Gupta S, Wadonda N, Jahn A, Tippett-Barr B. Bull World Health Organ. 2018 Apr 1;96(4):256-265. doi: 10.2471/BLT.17.203265. Read more

Antifungal Combinations for Treatment of Cryptococcal Meningitis in Africa

Molloy S.F, Kanyama C, Heyderman RS, Loyse A, Kouanfack C, Chanda D, Mfinanga S, Temfack E, Lakhi S, Lesikari S, Chan AK, Stone N, Kalata N, Karunaharan N, Gaskell K, Peirse M, Ellis J, Chawinga C, Lontsi S, Ndong JG, Bright P, Lupiya D, Chen T, Bradley J, Adams J, van der Horst C, van Oosterhout JJ, Sini V, Mapoure YN, Mwaba P, Bicanic T, Lalloo DG, Wang D, Hosseinipour MC, Lortholary O, Jaffar S, Harrison TS; ACTA Trial Study Team. New England Journal of Medicine. 2018 Mar 15;378(11):1004-1017. Doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1710922. Read more 


She knows that she will not come back: tracing patients and new thresholds of collective surveillance in PMTCT Option B+

Cataldo F, Seeley J, Nkhata MJ, Mupambireyi Z, Tumwesige E, Gibb DM; Lablite team. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Feb 1;18(1):76. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2826-7. Read more

Patient-level benefits associated with decentralization of antiretroviral therapy services to primary health facilities in Malawi and Uganda

Abongomera G, Chiwaula L, Revill P, Mabugu T, Tumwesige E, Nkhata M, Cataldo F, van Oosterhout J, Colebunders R, Chan AK, Kityo C, Gilks C, Hakim J, Seeley J, Gibb DM, Ford D. International Health. 2018; Jan 10. Doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihx061. Read more

Prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, and cascade of care in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional, population-based study in rural and urban Malawi

Price A.J, Crampin A.C, Amberbir A, Kayuni-Chihana N, Musicha C, Tafatatha T, Branson K, Lawlor D.A, Mwaiyeghele E, Nkhwazi L, Smeeth L, Pearce N, Munthali E, Mwagomba B.M, Mwansambo C, Glynn J.R, Jaffar S, Nyirenda M. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology ( IF 19.742 ): 2018; (17) 30432-1.Doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587. Read more

Predictive value of C-reactive protein for tuberculosis, bloodstream infection or death among HIV-infected individuals with chronic, non-specific symptoms and negative sputum smear microscopy

Bedell R.A, van Lettow M, Meaney C, Corbett E.L, Chan A.K, Heyderman R.S, Anderson S.T, Akesson A, Zachariah R, Harries A.D, Ramsay, A.R, Kumwenda M. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2018;23 (3):254–262. Doi:10.1111/tmi.13025. Read more

Dyslipidemia among rural and urban HIV patients in south-east Malawi

Amberbir A, Singano V, Matengeni A, Kawalazira G, Chan A.K, Sodhi S.D, Ismail Z, van Oosterhout J.J. PLoS ONE, 2018. 13(5): e0197728. Doi.10.1371/journal.pone.0197728. Read more

Lopinavir plus nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors, lopinavir plus raltegravir, or lopinavir monotherapy for second-line treatment of HIV (EARNEST): 144-week follow-up results from a randomised controlled trial

Hakim JG, Thompson J, Kityo C, Hoppe A, Kambugu A, van Oosterhout JJ, Lugemwa A, Siika A, Mwebaze R, Mweemba A, Abongomera G, Thomason MJ, Easterbrook P, Mugyenyi P, Walker AS, Paton NI; Europe Africa Research Network for Evaluation of Second-line Therapy (EARNEST) Trial Team. Lancet Infectious Disease. 2018 Jan;18(1):47-57. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30630-8. Epub 2017 Nov 3. PubMed PMID: 29108797; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5739875. Read more

The treatment of a pregnant HIV positive patient with cryptococcal meningitis in Malawi: case report and review of treatment options

Bright P, Lupiya D, van Oosterhout JJ, Chen YA, Harrison T, Chan AK. Medical Mycology Case Reports 2018; 19:9-12. doi: 10.1016/j.mmcr.2017.10.002. Read more

Models of integration of HIV and non-communicable disease care in sub-Saharan Africa.

Njuguna B, Vorkoper S, Patel P, Reid MJA, Vedanthan R, Pfaff C, Park PH, Fischer L, Laktabai J, Pastakia SD. AIDS. 2018 Jul 1;32 Suppl 1:S33-S42. Doi:1097/QAD.00000000001887.PMID:29952788. Read more

Opportunities and challenges for evidence-informed HIV-noncommunicable disease integrated care policies and programs: lessons from Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland and Kenya

Matanje Mwagomba BL, Ameh S, Bongomin P, Juma PA, MacKenzie RK, Kyobutungi C, Lukhele N, mwangi KJM, Amberbir A, Klipstein-Grobusch K, Gomez-Olive FX, Berman, Joshua. AIDS. 2018 Jul 1;32 Suppl:S21-S32. Doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000001885.PMID:29952787. Read more


The treatment of a pregnant HIV positive patient with cryptococcal meningitis in Malawi. Case report and review of treatment options.

Bright Philip D, Lupiya Duncan, van Oosterhout JJ, Chen Amy, S Harrison Thomas, Chan Adrienne K. Medical Mycology Case Reports. 2017 Oct 28;19(2018):9-12. doi: 10.1016/j.mmcr.2017.10.002. Read more

HIV transmission and retention in care among HIV-exposed children enrolled in Malawi’s prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme

Haas AD, van Oosterhout JJ, Tenthani L, Jahn A, Zwahlen M, Msukwa MT, Davies MA, Tal K, Phiri N, Spoerri A, Chimbwandira F, Egger M, Keiser O. 2017 Sep 4;20(1):1-10. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21947. PubMed PMID: 28884524. Read more

Differences in survival among adults with HIV-associated Kaposi’s sarcoma during routine HIV treatment initiation in Zomba district, Malawi: a retrospective cohort analysis

Singogo E, Keegan T.J, Diggle P.J, van Lettow M, Matengeni A, van Oosterhout J.J, Sodhi S, Joshua M, Taylor B.M. International Health. 2017 Sep 1;9(5):281-7. DOI:10.1093/inthealth/ihx027. Read more

Nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor cross-resistance and outcomes from second-line antiretroviral therapy in the public health approach: an observational analysis within the randomised, open-label, EARNEST trial

Paton NI, Kityo C, Thompson J, Nankya I, Bagenda L, Hoppe A, Hakim J, Kambugu A, van Oosterhout JJ, Kiconco M, Bertagnolio S, Easterbrook PJ, Mugyenyi P, Walker AS; Europe Africa Research Network for Evaluation of Second-line Therapy (EARNEST) Trial Team. Lancet HIV. 2017 Aug;4(8):e341-e348. doi: 10.1016/S23523018(17)30065-6. Epub 2017 May 8. PubMed PMID: 28495562; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5555436. Read more

Mortality and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (Dalys) for Common Neglected Tropical Diseases in  Ethiopia, 1990-2015: Evidence from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Deribew A, Kebede B, Tessema GA, Adama YA, Misganaw A, Gebre T, Hailu A, Biadgilign S, Amberbir A, Desalegn B, Abajobir AA, Shafi O, Abera SF, Negussu N, Mengistu B, Amare AT, Mulugeta A, Kebede Z, Mengistu B, Tadesse Z, Sileshi M, Tamiru M, Chromwel EA, Glenn SD, Stanaway JD, Deribe K. Ethiop Med J. 2017;55(Suppl 1):3-14. PubMed PMID: 28878427; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5582634. Read more

Association between infection with Helicobacter pylori and atopy in young Ethiopian children: A longitudinal study

Taye B, Enquselassie F, Tsegaye A, Amberbir A, Medhin G, Fogarty A, Robinson K, Davey G. Clin Exp Allergy. 2017 Aug 8. doi: 10.1111/cea.12995. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28787771. Read more

Virological outcomes of antiretroviral therapy in Zomba central prison, Malawi; a cross-sectional study

Mpawa H, Kwekwesa A, Amberbir A, Garone D, Divala OH, Kawalazira G, van Schoor V, Ndindi H, van Oosterhout JJ. J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 Jul 31;20(1):1-5. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21623. Review. PubMed PMID: 28782332; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5577730. Read more

Baseline characteristics of study sites and women enrolled in a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial: PMTCT uptake and retention (pure) Malawi

van Lettow M, Tweya H, Rosenberg NE, Trapence C, Kayoyo V, Kasende F, Kaunda B, Hosseinipour MC, Eliya M, Cataldo F, Gugsa S, Phiri S; PURE Malawi consortium. Reprod Health. 2017 Jul 11;14(1):82. doi: 10.1186/s12978017-0343-0. PubMed PMID: 28693525; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5504621. Read more

Engaging with HIV care systems: why space, time and social relations matter

Kielmann K, Cataldo F. Sex Transm Infect. 2017 Jul;93(Suppl 3). pii: e053173. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053173. PubMed PMID: 28736398. Read more

Incidence, prevalence and mortality  rates of malaria in Ethiopia from 1990 to 2015: analysis of the global burden of  diseases 2015

Deribew A, Dejene T, Kebede B, Tessema GA, Melaku YA, Misganaw A, Gebre T, Hailu A, Biadgilign S, Amberbir A, Yirsaw BD, Abajobir AA, Shafi O, Abera SF, Negussu N, Mengistu B, Amare AT, Mulugeta A, Mengistu B, Tadesse Z, Sileshi M, Cromwell E, Glenn SD, Deribe K, Stanaway JD. Malar J. 2017 Jul 4;16(1):271. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017 1919-4. PubMed PMID: 28676108; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5496144. Read more

Ebola and community health worker services in Kenema District, Sierra Leone: please mind the gap!

Vandi MA, van Griensven J, Chan AK, Kargbo B, Kandeh JN, Alpha KS, Sheriff AA, Momoh KSB, Gamanga A, Najjemba R, Mishra S. 2017; 7(Suppl 1):S55-S61. PubMed [journal] PMID: 28744440, PMCID: PMC5515565 Read more

Increase in acute malnutrition in children following the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in rural Sierra Leone

Kamara MH, Najjemba R, van Griensven J, Yorpoi D, Jimissa AS, Chan AK, Mishra S. Public health action. 2017; 7(Suppl 1):S27-S33. PubMed [journal] PMID: 28744436, PMCID: PMC5515560 Read more

Life goes on: the resilience of maternal primary care during the Ebola outbreak in rural Sierra Leone

Caulker VML, Mishra S, van Griensven J, Moosa A, Najjemba R, Shringarpure K, Chan AK. Public health action. 2017; 7(Suppl 1):S40-S46. PubMed [journal] PMID: 28744438, PMCID: PMC5515563 Read more

Viral Suppression and HIV Drug Resistance at 6 Months Among Women in Malawi’s Option B+ Program: Results From the PURE Malawi Study

Hosseinipour M, Nelson JAE, Trapence C, Rutstein SE, Kasende F, Kayoyo V, Kaunda-Khangamwa B, Compliment K, Stanley C, Cataldo F, van Lettow M, Rosenberg NE, Tweya H, Gugsa S, Sampathkumar V, Schouten E, Eliya M, Chimbwandira F, Chiwaula L, Kapito-Tembo A, Phiri S; PURE Malawi Consortium. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jun 1;75 Suppl 2:S149-S155. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001368. PubMed PMID: 28498184; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5431274. Read more

HIV Drug Resistance Mutations in Non-B Subtypes After Prolonged Virological Failure on NNRTI-Based First-Line Regimens in Sub-Saharan Africa

Kityo C, Thompson J, Nankya I, Hoppe A, Ndashimye E, Warambwa C, Mambule I, van Oosterhout JJ, Wools-Kaloustian K, Bertagnolio S, Easterbrook PJ, Mugyenyi P, Walker AS, Paton NI; Europe Africa Research Network for Evaluation of Second-line Therapy (EARNEST) Trial Team. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jun 1;75(2):e45-e54. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001285. PubMed PMID: 28129253; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5427983. Read more

The Roles of Expert Mothers Engaged in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programs: A Commentary on the INSPIRE Studies in Malawi, Nigeria, and Zimbabwe

Cataldo, Fabian PhD; Sam-Agudu, Nadia A. MD; Phiri, Sam PhD; Shumba, Bridget MPH; Cornelius, Llewellyn J. PhD; Foster, Geoff MRCP (Paeds). JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 1 June 2017 – Volume 75 – Issue – p S224–S232doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001375  Read more

Viral Suppression and HIV Drug Resistance at 6 Months Among Women in Malawi’s Option B+ Program: Results From the PURE Malawi Study

Hosseinipour M, Nelson J.A.E, Trapence C, Rutstein S.E, Kasende F, Kayoyo V, Kaunda-Khangamwa B, Stanley C, Cataldo F, van Lettow M, Rosenberg N.E, Tweya H, Gugsa S, Sampathkumar V, chouten E, Eliya M, Chimbwandira F, Chiwaula L, Kapito-Tembo A, MBBS, Phiri S, PhD and the PURE Malawi Consortium. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 1 June 2017 – Volume 75 – Issue – p S149–S155 doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001368. Read more

Impact of Facility- and Community-Based Peer Support Models on Maternal Uptake and Retention in Malawi’s Option B+ HIV Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Program: A 3-Arm Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (PURE Malawi)

Phiri S, Tweya H,  van Lettow M, Rosenberg N.E, Trapence C, Kapito-Tembo A, Kaunda-Khangamwa B, Kasende F, Kayoyo V, Cataldo F, Stanley C, Gugsa S, Sampathkumar V, Schouten E, Chiwaula L, PhD, Eliya M, MPH, Chimbwandira F, Hosseinipour M.C and the PURE Malawi Consortium. JAIDS – Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.2017 Jun 1;75 Suppl 2:S140-S148. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001357. Read more

Task shifting of triage to peer expert informal care providers at a tertiary referral HIV clinic in Malawi: a cross-sectional operational evaluation

Landes, Megan; Thompson, Courtney; Mwinjiwa, Edson; Thaulo, Edith; Gondwe, Chrissie; Akello, Harriet;  Chan, Adrienne K. BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:341. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2291-3. Read more 

Improving the Screening and Treatment of Hypertension in People Living with HIV: An evidence-based policy brief by Malawi’s Knowledge Translation Platform

Mitambo C, Khan S, Matanje-Mwagomba B.L, Kachimanga C, Wroe E, Segula D, Amberbir A, Garone D, Malik P.R.A, Gondwe A, and Berman J. Malawi Medical Journal. 2017;29(2):224-8. Read more

Implementation of Antiretroviral Therapy for Life in Pregnant/Breastfeeding HIV+ Women (Option B+) Alongside Rollout and Changing Guidelines for ART Initiation in Rural Zimbabwe: The Lablite Project Experience

Ford, Deborah; Muzambi, Margaret; J Nkhata, Misheck; Abongomera, George; Joseph, Sarah; Ndlovu, Makosonke; Mabugu,Travor; Grundy, Caroline; Chan, Adrienne K; Cataldo, Fabian; Kityo, Cissy; Seeley, Janet; Katabira, Elly; Gilks; Charles F, Reid, Andrew; Hakim, James; Gibb, Diana M. JAIDS – Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. 2017 Apr 15;74(5):508-516. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001267. Read more

Frequent malaria illness episodes in two Malawian patients on antiretroviral therapy soon after stopping cotrimoxazole preventive therapy

Nyangulu W.J.S, Mwinjiwa, E,  Divala, T.H, Randy G. Mungwira, Nyirenda O, Kanjala M, Mbambo G, Mallewa J, Taylor T.E, Laurens M.B, Laufer M.K, van Oosterhout J.J. Malawi Medical Journal. 2017 May 4. Read more

Lessons Learned From Option B+ in the Evolution Toward “Test and Start” From Malawi, Cameroon, and the United Republic of Tanzania

Kalua T, Tippett Barr BA, van Oosterhout JJ, Mbori-Ngacha D, Schouten EJ, Gupta S, Sande A, Zomba G, Tweya H, Lungu E, Kajoka D, Tih P, Jahn A. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 May 1;75 Suppl 1:S43-S50. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001326. Review. PubMed PMID: 28398996. Read more

Exploring the Experiences of Women and Health Care Workers in the Context of PMTCT Option B Plus in Malawi

Cataldo, Fabian; Chiwaula, Levison; Nkhata, Misheck; van Lettow, Monique; Kasende, Florence; Rosenberg, Nora E.; Tweya, Hannock; Sampathkumar, Veena; Hosseinipour, Mina; Schouten, Erik; Kapito-Tembo, Atupele; Eliya, Michael; Chimbwandira, Frank; Phiri, Sam; for the PURE Malawi Consortium. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 15 April 2017 – Volume 74 – Issue 5 – p 517–522 doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001273 Read more

Genome-wide association study of nevirapine hypersensitivity in a sub-Saharan African HIV-infected population

Carr DF, Bourgeois S, Chaponda M, Takeshita LY, Morris AP, Castro EM, Alfirevic A, Jones AR, Rigden DJ, Haldenby S, Khoo S, Lalloo DG, Heyderman RS, Dandara C, Kampira E, van Oosterhout JJ, Ssali F, Munderi P, Novelli G, Borgiani P, Nelson MR, Holden A, Deloukas P, Pirmohamed M. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2017 Apr 1;72(4):1152-1162. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkw545. PubMed PMID: 28062682; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5400091. Read more

Leveraging HIV Research and Implementation for Cancer and Noncommunicable Diseases in Malawi

Mipando M, Mkandawire N, Masiye J, Wroe E, Dullie L, Mataya R, Muula A, Mwapatsa V, Dzamalala C, Masamba L, Tomoka T, Moses A, Chinula L, Kaimila B, Mulima G, Nyasosela R, Ngoma J, Chunda L, Namarika D, Kamiza S, Nyirenda M, Crampin A, Gordon S, Eckerle M, Ware R, Berman J, van Oesterhout J, Sclafani J, El-Mallawany N.K, Wasswa P, Kazembe P, Dadabhai S, Taha T, Kumwenda J, McCollum E,  Damania B, Charles A, Fedoriw Y, Dittmer D, Hosseinipour M, Hoffman I, Phiri S, and Gopal S. Journal of Global Oncology. 2017 April 3, No. 2_Suppliment (April 2017) 27s-28s. DOI: 10.1200/JGO.2017.009407. Read more

Impact of decentralisation of antiretroviral therapy services on HIV testing and care at a population level in Agago District in rural Northern Uganda: results from the Lablite population surveys

Abongomera G, Kiwuwa-Muyingo S, Revill P, Chiwaula L, Mabugu T, Phillips AN, Katabira E, Chan AK, Gilks C, Musiime V, Hakim J, Kityo C, Colebunders R, Gibb DM, Seeley J, Ford D. International health. 2017; 9(2):91-99. PubMed [journal] PMID: 28338914 Read more

A systematic review of primary  care models for non-communicable disease interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa

Kane J, Landes M, Carroll C, Nolen A, Sodhi S. BMC
Fam Pract. 2017 Mar 23;18(1):46. doi: 10.1186/s12875-017-0613-5. PubMed PMID: 28330453; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5363051. Read more

The value of informal care in the context of option B+ in Malawi: a contingent valuation approach

Chiwaula LS, Chirwa GC, Cataldo F, Kapito-Tembo A, Hosseinipour MC, van Lettow M, Tweya H, Kayoyo V, Khangamwa-Kaunda B, Kasende F, Trapence C, Gugsa S, Rosenberg NE, Eliya M, Phiri S; For PURE Malawi Consortium. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Mar 10;17(1):191. doi:
10.1186/s12913-017-2130-6. PubMed PMID: 28283041; PubMed Central PMCID:PMC5346194. Read more


The burden of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular risk factors among adult Malawians in HIV care: consequences for integrated services

Divala OH, Amberbir A, Ismail Z, Beyene T, Garone D, Pfaff C, Singano V, Akello H, Joshua M, Nyirenda MJ, Berman J, Mallewa J, Chinomba GS, Kayange N, Allain TJ, Chan AK, Sodhi SK, van Oosterhout JJ. The burden of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular risk factors among adult Malawians in HIV care: consequences for integrated services. BMC Public Health 2016; 16:1243.  PMID: 27955664.  doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3916-x. Read more

Shifting human resources for health in the context of ART provision: qualitative and quantitative findings from the Lablite baseline study

Nkhata MJ, Muzambi M. Ford D, Chan AK, Abongomera G, Namata H, Mambule I, South A, Revill P, Grundy P, Mabugu T, Chiwaula L, Hakim J, Kityo C, Reid A, Katabira E, Sodhi S, Gilks CF, Gibb DM, Seeley J, Cataldo F and the Lablite team. BMC Health Services Research. 2016; 16:660. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-016-1891-7 Read more

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy During and After Pregnancy: Cohort Study on Women Receiving Care in Malawi’s “Option B+” programme

Haas AD, Malango T. Msukwa, Egger M, Tenthani L, Tweya H, Jahn A, Gadabu OJ, Tal K, Salazar-Vizcaya L, Estill J, Spoerri A, Phiri N, Chimbwandira F, van Oosterhout JJ, Keiser O. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2016 Nov 63;09. Doi 10.1093/cid/ciw500. Read more

Survival functions for defining a clinical management Lost To Follow-Up (LTFU) cut-off in Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) program in Zomba, Malawi

Rachlis B, Cole DC, van Lettow M, Escobar M. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. 2016 May 5;16(1):52. DOI: 10.1186/s12911-016-0290-7 Read more

Neurocognitive Function at the First-Line Failure and on the Second-Line Antiretroviral Therapy in Africa: Analyses From the EARNEST Trial

Kambugu A, Thompson J, Hakim J, Tumukunde D, van Oosterhout JJ,  Mwebaze R, Hoppe A, Abach J, Kwobah C, Arenas-Pinto A, Walker SA, Paton NI. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2016;71:506-513 DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000898 Read more

Same day integration of HIV diagnosis and treatment with antenatal care affects retention in Option B+ Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission services in Zomba District, Malawi

Chan AK, Kanike E, Bedell R, Mayuni I, Manyera R, Mlotha W, Harries AD, van Lettow M. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2016; 19:20672 Read more

Retention in care during the first 3 years of antiretroviral therapy for women in Malawi’s option B+ programme: an observational cohort study

Haas AD, Tenthani L, Msukwa MT, Tal K, Jahn A, Gadabu OJ, Spoerri A, Chimbwandira F, van Oosterhout JJ, Keiser O. The Lancet HIV. 2016;3(4):175-182. DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)00008-4 Read more

Low- and middle-income countries face many common barriers to implementation of maternal health evidence products

Puchalski Ritchie LM, Khan S, Moore JE, Timmings C, van Lettow M, Vogel JP, Mbaruku G, Mrisho M, Mugerwa K, Uka S, Imezoglu AM, Straus SE. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2016 Feb 27. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.02.017 Read more

The impact of a knowledge translation intervention employing educational outreach and a point-of-care reminder tool vs standard lay health worker training on tuberculosis treatment completion rates: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Puchalski-Ritchie LM, van Lettow M, Makwakwa A, Chan AK, Hamid JS, Kawonga H, Martiniuk ALC, Schull MJ, van Schoor V, Zwarensten M, Barnsley J, Straus SE. 2016 Sep 7;17(1):439. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1563-2. Read more

The crucial importance of long term follow up for EBOLA virus survivors

Fowler R, Mishra S, Chan A.K. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30122-0) Read more

TSCQ study: a randomized, controlled, open-label trial of daily trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole or weekly chloroquine among adults on antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Laurens MB, Mungwira RG, Nyirenda OM, Divala TH, Kanjala M, Muwalo F, Mkandawire FA, Tsirizani L, Nyangulu W, Mwinjiwa E, Taylor TE, Mallewa J, Blackwelder WC, Plowe CV, Laufer MK,  van Oosterhout JJ. DOI 10.1186/s13063-016-1392-3 Read more

Characteristics and outcomes of women initiating ART during pregnancy versus breastfeeeding in Option B+ in Malawi

Landes M, Sodhi S, Matengeni A, Meaney C, van Lettow M, Chan AK, van Oosterhout JJ. BMC Public Health 2016 16:713. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3380-7. Read more

The value of informal care in the context of Option B+ in Malawi: a contingent valuation approach

Chiwaula L.S, Chirwa G.C, Caltado F, Tembo A.T, van Lettow M, Tweya H, Kayoyo V, Kaunda B, K, Trapence C, Gugsa S, Rosernberg N, Eliya M, Phiri S, Hosseinipour M.C, Kasende F and for the PURE Consortium. DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1381-y Read more

Adjunctive Steroids in HIV-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial in African and Southeast Asian Countries

Beardsley J, Wolbers M, Kibengo FM, Kamali A, Cuc NTK, Binh TQ Chau NVV, Farrar J, Merson L, Phuong L, Thwaites G, Kinh NV, Thuy PT, Chierakul W, Siriboon S, Thiansukhon E, Onsanit S, Supphamongkholchaikul W, Konpan P, Semran K, Chan AK, Heyderman R, Miwnjiwa E, van Oosterhout JJ, Imran D, Basri H, Mayxay M, Dance D, Phimmasone P, Rattanavong S, Lallo DG, Day JN on behalf of CryptoDex Investigators. New England Journal of Medicine 2016; 374:542-54. PMID: 26863355. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1509024 Read more

A simultaneous population pharmacokinetic analysis of rifampicin in Malawian adults and children

Schipani A, Pertinez H, Mlota R, Molyneux E, Lopez N, Dzinjalamala FK, van Oosterhout JJ, Ward SA, Khoo S, Davies G. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2015, DOI: 10.1111/bcp.12848 Read more

Early clinical sequelae of Ebola virus disease in Sierra Leone: a cross-sectional study

Mattis JG, Vandy MJ, Chang JC, Platt DE, Dierberg K, Bausch DG, Brooks T, Conteh S, Crozier I, Fowler RA, Kamara AP, Kang C, Mahadevan S, Mansaray Y, Marcell L, McKay J, O’Dempsey T, Parris V, Ruxandra P, Rangel A, Salam A, Shantha J, Wolfman V, Yeh S, Chan AK, Mishra S, Lancet Infect Dis. 2015;16(3):331-338. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00489-2 Read more

Same day HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy initiation affects retention in Option B+ prevention of mother-to-child transmission services at antenatal care in Zomba District, Malawi

Chan AK, Kanike E, Bedell R, Mayuni I, Manyera R, Mlotha W, Harries AD, van Lettow M. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2016; 19:20672. Read more

Lay Health Workers experience of a tailored knowledge translation intervention to improve job skills and knowledge: a qualitative study in Zomba district Malawi

Puchalski Ritchie LM, van Lettow M, Barnsley J, Chan AK, Schull MJ, Martiniuk ALC, Makwakwa A, Zwarenstein M. BMC medical education. 2016;16:54. DOI: 10.1186/s12909-016-0580-x Read more

Mapping the use of research to support strategies tackling maternal and child health inequities: evidence from six countries in Africa and Latin America

Vargas E, Montekio V.B, Gonzalez-Block M.A, Akweongo P, Hazel Cynthia N. A., Cuembelo M, Limbani F, Bernardo W, Muñoz F. Health Research Policy and Systems 2016, 14:1  DOI:10.1186/s12961-015-0072-1 Read more


Building a knowledge translation platform in Malawi to support evidence-informed health policy.

Berman J, Mitambo C, Matanje-Mwagomba B, Khan S, Kachimanga C, Wroe E, Mwape L, van Oosterhout JJ, Chindebvu G, van Schoor V, van Oosterhout J, Puchalski L, Ulysses P, Kathyola D. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2015;13:73. DOI: 10.1186/s12961-015-0061-4 Read more

Outcomes and Diagnostic Processes in Outpatients with Presumptive Tuberculosis in Zomba District, Malawi.

van Lettow M, Bedell R, Maosa S, Phiri K, Chan AK, Mwinjiwa E, Kwekwesa A, Kawonga H, Joshua M, Harries AD, van Oosterhout JJ. PLoS One. 2015 Nov 10;10(11). DOI: 10;10(11):e0141414 Read more

Breast enlargement in Malawian males on the standard first line antiretroviral therapy regimen: Case reports and review of the literature.

Kwekwesa A , Kandionamaso C, Winata N, Mwinjiwa E, Joshua M, Garone D, Bedell R,van Oosterhout JJ. Malawi Medical Journal; 27(3): 115-117 September 2015. DOI: 10.4314/mmj.v27i3.11 Read more

The effectiveness of interventions to improve uptake and retention of HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women and their infants in prevention of mother to child transmission care programs in low and middle income countries: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Puchalski Ritchie Lisa M, van Lettow Monique, Hosseinipour Mina C , Rosenberg Nora E , Phiri Sam , Landes Megan , Cataldo Fabian, Straus Sharon E. Journal of the Systematic Review 2015 Nov 3;4:144; MS: 1495087327175164 DOI: 10.1186/s13643-015-0136-x Read more

Population level usage of health services, and HIV testing and care, prior to decentralization of antiretroviral therapy in Agago District in rural Northern Uganda

G. Abongomera, S. Kiwuwa-Muyingo, P. Revill, L. Chiwaula, T. Mabugu, A. Phillips, E. Katabira, V. Musiime, C. Gilks, A. Chan, J. Hakim, R. Colebunders ,C. Kityo, D. M. Gibb, J. Seeley, D. Ford13 and for the Lablite Project Team. BMC Health Services Research 2015, 15:527 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-015-1194-4. Read more

A knowledge translation intervention to improve tuberculosis care and outcomes in Malawi: a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial.

Puchalski Ritchie LM, Schull MJ, Martiniuk ALC, Barnsley J, Arenovich T, van Lettow M, Chan AK, Mills EH, Makwakwa A, Zwarenstein M. Implementation Science 2015; 10:38 DOI: 10.1186/s13012-015-0228-y Read More

HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Malawi.

Tenthani L, MPH, Haas AD, MA, Egger M, MD, MSc, van Oosterhout J, MD, PhD, Jahn A, MD, PhD, Chimbwandira F, MD, MPH, Tal K, PhD, Myer L, PhD, Estill J, PhD and Keiser O, PhD. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 2015 Aug 15;69(5):610-4. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000669 Read More

Clinical Characteristics and Lung Function in Older Children Vertically Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Malawi

MwalukomoT,  Rylance S.J, Emily L. Webb, Anderson S, O’Hare B, van Oosterhout JJ, Rashida A. Ferrand, Corbett EL, Rylance J.. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, 2015. DOI:10.1093/jpids/piv045 Read more 

Pharmacokinetics of anti-tuberculosis drugs in HIV-positive and HIV-negative adults in Malawi.

van Oosterhout JJ, Dzinjalamala FK, Dimba A, Waterhouse D, Davies G, Zijlstra EE, Molyneux ME, Molyneux EM, Ward S. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015; pii: AAC.01193-15. Read More

‘Deep down in their heart, they wish they could be given some incentives’: a qualitative study on the changing roles and relations of care among home-based caregivers in Zambia

Fabian Cataldo, Karina Kielmann, Tara Kielmann, Gitau Mburu and Maurice Musheke. BMC Health Services Research, 2015 Jan; 15:36. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-015-0685-7 Read more


CryptoDex: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial of adjunctive dexamethasone in HIV-infected adults with cryptococcal meningitis: study protocol for a randomised control trial.

Day J, Imran D, Ganiem AR, Tjahjani N, Wahyuningsih R, Adawiyah R, Dance D, Mayxay M, Newton P, Phetsouvanh R, Rattanavong S, Chan AK, Heyderman R, van Oosterhout JJ, Chierakul W, Day N, Kamali A, Kibengo F, Ruzagira E, Gray A, Lalloo DG, Beardsley J, Binh TQ, Chau TT, Chau NV, Cuc NT, Farrar J, Hien TT, Van Kinh N, Merson L, Phuong L, Tho LT, Thuy PT, Thwaites G, Wertheim H, Wolbers M. Trials 2014 Nov;15:441 DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-441. Read more

CYP2B6 c.983T>C polymorphism is associated with nevirapine hypersensitivity in Malawian and Ugandan HIV populations.

Carr DF, Chaponda M, Cornejo Castro EM, Jorgensen AL, Khoo S, Van Oosterhout JJ, Dandara C, Kampira E, Ssali F, Munderi P, Lalloo DG, Heyderman RS, Pirmohamed M. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2014 Nov;69(12):3329-34. DOI: 10.1093/jac/dku315. Read more

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) sub-genotype A1 infection is characterized by high replication levels and rapid emergence of drug resistance in HIV-positive adults receiving first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi.

Aoudjane S, Chaponda M, González Del Castillo AA, O’Connor J, Noguera M, Beloukas A, Hopkins M, Khoo S, van Oosterhout J, Geretti AM. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov; 59(11):1618-26. DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciu630. Read more

Improving PMTCT Uptake and Retention Services Through Novel Approaches in Peer-Based Family-Supported Care in the Clinic and Community: A 3-Arm Cluster Randomized Trial (PURE Malawi).

Rosenberg NE, van Lettow M, Tweya H, Kapito-Tembo A, Bourdon CM, Cataldo F, Chiwaula L, Sampathkumar V, Trapence C, Kayoyo V, Kasende F, Kaunda B, Speight C, Schouten E, Eliya M, Hosseinipour M, Phiri S; PURE Malawi Consortium. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 1;67 Suppl 2:S114-9. Read more

Effect of optional home initiation of HIV care following HIV self-testing on antiretroviral therapy initiation among adults in Malawi: a randomized clinical trial.

MacPherson P, Lalloo DG, Webb EL, Maheswaran H, Choko AT, Makombe SD, Butterworth AE, van Oosterhout JJ, Desmond N, Thindwa D, Squire SB, Hayes RJ, Corbett EL. JAMA. Aug 1, 2014;312(4):372-9. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2014.6493. Read more

The Lablite project: A cross-sectional mapping survey of decentralized HIV service provision in Malawi, Uganda and Zimbabwe.

Adrienne K Chan, Deborah Ford, Harriet Namata, Margaret Muzambi, Misheck J Nkhata, George Abongomera, Ivan Mambule, Annabelle South, Paul Revill, Caroline Grundy, Travor Mabugu, Levison Chiwaula, Fabian Cataldo, James Hakim, Janet Seeley, Cissy Kityo, Andrew Reid, Elly Katabira, Sumeet Sodhi, Charles F Gilks and Diana M Gibb. BMC Health Services Research, 2014 Aug 19;14:352. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-352 Read more

Peripheral Blood Mitochondrial DNA/Nuclear DNA (mtDNA/nDNA) Ratio as a Marker of Mitochondrial Toxicities of Stavudine Containing Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Malawian Patients.

Kampira E, Dzobo K, Kumwenda J, van Oosterhout JJ, Parker MI, Dandara C. OMICS. 2014 Jul;18(7):438-45. DOI: 10.1089/omi.2014.0026. Read more

Towards elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: performance of different models of care for initiating lifelong antiretroviral therapy for pregnant women in Malawi (Option B+)

Monique van Lettow, Richard Bedell, Isabell Mayuni, Gabriel Mateyu, Megan Landes, Adrienne K Chan, Vanessa van Schoor, Teferi Beyene, Anthony D Harries, Stephen Chu, Andrew Mganga, Joep J van Oosterhout. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 28 July 2014, 17:18994. DOI: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.18994 Read more

Follow-Up Visit Patterns in an Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Programme in Zomba, Malawi.

Beth Rachlis, Donald C. Cole, Monique van Lettow, Michael Escobar, Adamson S. Muula, Farah Ahmad, James Orbinski, Adrienne K. Chan. PLoS ONE 2014 July 17 9(7): e101875. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101875 Read more

Incomplete Recovery of Pneumococcal CD4 T Cell Immunity after Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Malawian Adults.

Sepako E, Glennie SJ, Jambo KC, Mzinza D, Iwajomo OH, Banda D, van Oosterhout JJ, A Williams N, Gordon SB, Heyderman RS. PLoS One Jun 24, 2014; 24;9(6):e100640. Read more

HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND) in Malawian Adults and Effect on Adherence to Combination Anti-Retroviral Therapy: A Cross Sectional Study.

Christine M. Kelly, Joep J. van Oosterhout, Chisomo Ngwalo, Robert C. Stewart, Laura Benjamin, Kevin R. Robertson, Saye Khoo, Theresa J. Allain, Tom Solomon. PLoS ONE 10 Jun 2014 9(6): e98962. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098962 Read more

Task-shifting and prioritization: a situational analysis examining the role and experiences of community health workers in Malawi.

Sarah Smith, Amber Deveridge, Joshua Berman, Joel Negin, Nwaka Mwambene, Elizabeth Chingaipe, Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie and Alexandra Martiniuk. Human Resources for Health, 12, May 2014 12:24. DOI:10.1186/1478-4491-12-24 Read more

Supporting middle-cadre health care workers in Malawi: lessons learned during implementation of the PALM PLUS package

Sumeet Sodhi, Hastings Banda, Damson Kathyola, Martias Joshua, Faye Richardson, Emmay Mah, Hayley MacGregor, Emmanuel Kanike, Sandy Thompson, Lara Fairall, Eric Bateman, Merrick Zwarenstein and Michael J Schull. BMC Health Services Research 2014, 14(Suppl 1):S8, 12 May 2014. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-S1-S8 Read more

Adolescent HIV disclosure in Zambia: barriers, facilitators and outcomes.

Gitau Mburu, Ian Hodgson, Sam Kalibala, Choolwe Haamujompa, Fabian Cataldo, Elizabeth D Lowenthal, David Ross. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 17 Mar 2014, 17:18866. DOI: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.18866 Read more

A Reduction in Adult Blood Stream Infection and Case Fatality at a Large African Hospital following Antiretroviral Therapy Roll-Out.

Nicholas A. Feasey, Angela Houston, Mavuto Mukaka, Dan Komrower, Thandie Mwalukomo, Lyson Tenthani, Andreas Jahn, Mike Moore, Remco P. H. Peters, Melita A. Gordon, Dean B. Everett, Neil French, Joep J. van Oosterhout, Theresa J. Allain, Robert S. Heyderman. PLoS ONE 9(3) e92226. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092226 Read more

Assessment of second-line antiretroviral regimens for HIV Therapy in Africa.

N.I. Paton, C. Kityo, A. Hoppe, A. Reid, A. Kambugu, A. Lugemwa, J.J. van Oosterhout, M. Kiconco, A. Siika, R. Mwebaze, M. Abwola, G. Abongomera, A. Mweemba, H. Alima, D. Atwongyeire, R. Nyirenda, J. Boles, J. Thompson, D. Tumukunde, E. Chidziva, I.Mambule, J.R. Arribas, P.J. Easterbrook, J. Hakim, A.S. Walker, P. Mugyeni, EARNEST Trial Team. New England Journal of Medicine 2014 Jul 17;371(3):234-47. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1311274 Read more

Retention in care under universal antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women (‘Option B+’) in Malawi.

Tenthani L, Haas AD, Tweya H, Jahn A, van Oosterhout JJ, Chimbwandira F, Chirwa Z, Ng’ambi W, Bakali A, Phiri S, Myer L, Valeri F, Zwahlen M, Wandeler G, Keiser O; Ministry of Health in Malawi and IeDEA Southern Africa. AIDS 2014 Feb 20;28(4):589-98. DOI: 10.1097/QAD. 0000000000000143 Read more

Population Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacogenetic Analysis of Nevirapine in Hypersensitive and Tolerant HIV-Infected Patients from Malawi.

Dickinson L, Chaponda M, Carr DF, van Oosterhout JJ, Kumwenda J, Lalloo DG, Pirmohamed M, Heyderman RS, Khoo SH. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014; DOI: 10.1128/AAC.02069-13. Read more


Mitochondrial subhaplogroups and differential risk of stavudine-induced lipodystrophy in Malawian HIV/AIDS patients.

Kampira E, Kumwenda J, Van Oosterhout JJ, Dandara C. Pharmacogenomics 2013; 14 (16):1999-2004. DOI: 10.2217/pgs.13.188 Read more

Women’s attitudes to HIV testing, disclosure and the involvement of male partners in a rural district of Malawi with high HIV prevalence.

Bedell RA, van Lettow M, Landes M. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 04 Oct 2013;26(4):483-486. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2013.841830 Read more

Building a National Direction for Research in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV: Results from a national prioritization initiative in Malawi.

Landes M, van Lettow M, Cataldo F, Chan AK, Tippett Barr B, Harries AD, and Bedell R. Health Research Policy and Systems 2013; 11:40. DOI: 10.1186/1478-4505-11-40. Read more

Village registers for vital registration in rural Malawi.

Singogo E, Kanike E, Lutepo T, Phiri H, Assefa B, van Lettow M, Cataldo F, Zachariah R, Bissell K, Harries AD. Tropical Medicine & International Health Aug 2013;18(8):1021-4. DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12132. Read more

Longitudinal lactate levels from routine point-of-care monitoring in adult Malawian antiretroviral therapy patients: associations with stavudine toxicities.

Chagoma N, Mallewa J, Kaunda S, Njalale Y, Kampira E, Mukaka M, Heyderman RS, and Oosterhout JJ van. C Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2013; 107: 615–619. DOI: 10.1093/trstmh/trt074 Read more

Severe toxicity and polymerase-c gene abnormalities in Malawian adults on stavudine-based antiretroviral therapy.

van Oosterhout, Joep J.; Gardner, Kristiane; Mallewa, Janea; Kaunda, Symona; Kampira, Elizabethc; Payne, Brendane; Heyderman, Robert S.; Chinnery, Patrick. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics, Nov 2013;23(11):624-626. DOI: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283655053 Read more

Burden, Characteristics, Management and Outcomes of HIV-infected patients with Kaposi’s sarcoma in Zomba, Malawi.

Mwinjiwa E, Isaakidis P, Van Den Bergh R, Harries AD, Bezanson K, Thompson C, Joshua M, Akello H, Beyene T, van Lettow M. Public Health Action 2013 (3) 2: 180-185(6). DOI: 10.5588/pha.13.0003 Read more

Updating a database of patient level ART data covering multiple and remote facilities in Zomba District, Malawi.

Argarwal M, Bourgeois J, Matengeni A, Bezanson K, van Schoor V, van Lettow M. Public Health Action 21 June 2013:3(2):175-179(5). DOI: 10.5588/pha.12.0096 Read more

Using concept mapping to explore patient defaulting from an antiretroviral therapy program in the Zomba District of Malawi.

Rachlis B, Ahmad F, van Lettow M, Muula AS, Semba M, Cole DC. BMC Health Services Research 2013: 13:210. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-210. Read more

A taxonomy for community-based care programs focused on HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and care in resource-poor settings.

Rachlis B, Sodhi S, Burciul B, Orbinski J, Cheng A, Cole D. Global Health Action, North America, 16 Apr 2013. DOI: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.20548 Read more

Patient costs associated with accessing HIV/AIDS care in Malawi.

Pinto A, van Lettow M, Rachilis B, Chan A, Sodhi S. Journal of the International AIDS Society, North America, 19 Mar 2013. DOI: 10.7448/IAS/16.1.18055 Read more


Mortality and health outcomes of HIV-exposed and unexposed children in a PMTCT cohort in Malawi

Landes M, van Lettow M, Chan AK, Mayuni I, Schouten EJ, and Bedell RA. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47337. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047337. Read more

Understanding the linkages between informal and formal care for People Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Lees S, Kielmann K, Cataldo F, Gitau-Mburu D. Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, 2012;7(10):1109-19. DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2012.733403. Read more

Six-month mortality among HIV-infected adults presenting for antiretroviral therapy with unexplained weight loss, chronic fever or chronic diarrhea in Malawi.

van Lettow M , Åkesson A, Martiniuk ALC, Ramsay A, Chan AK, Anderson ST, Harries AD, Corbett E, Heyderman RS, Zachariah R, Bedell RA, PLoS ONE 19 Nov 2012;7(11)e48856. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048856 Read more

High prevalence of tuberculosis and serious bloodstream infections in individuals presenting for antiretroviral therapy in Malawi.

Bedell R, Anderson S, van Lettow M, Chan AK, Åkesson A, Kumwenda M, Harries AD, Ramsay A. PLoS ONE 7(6): e39347. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039347. Read more

Evaluation of lay health workers’ needs to effectively support TB treatment adherence in Malawi.

Lisa M. Puchalski Ritchie, Monique van Lettow, Jan Barnsley, Adrienne K. Chan, Martias Joshua, Alexandra L.C. Martiniuk, Michael J. Schull, Merrick Zwarenstein. IJTLD 2012 Nov;16(11):1492-7. DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0206 Read more

Involving Expert Patients in Anti-Retroviral Treatment Provision in a Tertiary Referral Hospital HIV Clinic in Malawi

Tenthani L, Cataldo F, Chan AK, Bedell R, Martiniuk A, and van lettow M. BMC Health Services Research, 8 Jun 2012;12:140. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-140 Read more

Simplified methods of determining treatment retention in Malawi: ART cohort reports vs. Pharmacy stock cards.

Chan AK, Singogo E, Changamire R, Ratsma YEC, Tassie JM, Harries AD. Public Health Action 21 Jun 2012;2(2):32-37(6). DOI: 10.5588/pha.11.0028 Read more

Language in tuberculosis services: can we change to patient-centred terminology and stop the paradigm of blaming the patients?

R. Zachariah, A. D. Harries, S. Srinath, S. Ram, K. Viney, E. Singogo, P. Lal, A. Mendoza-Ticona, A. Sreenivas, N. W. Aung, B. N. Sharath, H. Kanyerere, N. van Soelen, N. Kirui, E. Ali,
S. G. Hinderaker, K. Bissell, D. A. Enarson, M. E. Edginton. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2012 Jun;16(6):714-7. DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.11.0635 Read more

Mortality and Health Outcomes in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Mothers at 18-20 Months Postpartum in Zomba District, Malawi.

M. Landes, M. van Lettow, R. Bedell, I Mayuni, A.K. Chan, L. Tenthani, E. Schouten. PLoS One 2012 7(9): e44396. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044396. Read more


Uptake and outcomes of a prevention-of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program in Zomba district, Malawi.

van Lettow M, Bedell R, Landes M, Chan A.K, Gawa L, Gatto S, Mayuni I, Chibuye P, Bisika S. BMC Public Health 2011: 11: 426. Read more

Evaluating a streamlined clinical tool and educational outreach intervention for health care workers in Malawi: The PALM PLUS case study.

Sodhi S, Banda H, Kathyola D, Burciul B, Joshua M, Bateman E, Fairall L, Martiniuk A, Cornick R, Faris G, Draper B, Mondiwa M, Katengeza E, Sanudi L, Zwarenstein M, Schull MJ. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2011 Nov 8;11 Suppl 2:S11. Read more

Anti-retroviral treatment outcomes among older adults in Zomba District, Malawi.

Negin J, van Lettow M, Semba M, Martiniuk A, Chan AC, Cumming R. PLoS One. 2011;6(10). Read more

From PALSA PLUS to PALM PLUS: adapting and developing a South African guideline and training intervention to better integrate HIV/AIDS care with primary care in rural health centers in Malawi.

Schull MJ, Cornick R, Thompson S, Faris G, Fairall L, Burciul B, Sodhi S, Draper B, Joshua M, Mondiwa M, Banda H, Kathyola D, Bateman E, Zwarenstein M. Implement Sci. 2011; 6: 82. Read more

Outcome Assessment of a Dedicated HIV Positive Health Care Worker Clinic at a Central Hospital in Malawi: A Retrospective Observational Study.

Chan AK, van Lettow M, Tenthani L, Gawa L, Kadzanja A, Mnthambala A, Kambanji M. PLoS One. 2011;6(5):e19789. Epub 2011 May 19. Read more

Timing and uptake of ART during treatment for active tuberculosis in HIV co-infected adults in Malawi.

van Lettow M, Chan A.K, Ginsburg AS, Thweya H, Gareta D, Njala J, Kanyerere H, Phiri S, Idana I. Public Health Action 2011: 1(1):1-4. Read more

Diagnostic Management and Outcomes of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Suspects admitted to a Central Hospital in Malawi.

Gawa L, Reid ME, Edginton M, van Lettow M, Joshua M, and Harries AD. Public Health Action 2011; 1:1, pp. 2-5(4). Read more

Reasons for accepting or refusing HIV services among TB patients at a TB-HIV integrated clinic in Malawi.

Kumwenda M, Tom S, Chan AK, Mwinjiwa E, Sodhi S, Joshua M, and van Lettow M. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2011; 15(12):1663-9. Read more


Strengthening health human resources and improving clinical outcomes through an integrated guideline and educational outreach in resource-poor settings: a cluster-randomized trial.

Schull MJ, Banda H, Kathyola D, Fairall L, Martiniuk A, Burciul B, Zwarenstein M, Sodhi S, Thompson S, Joshua M, Mondiwa M, Bateman E. Trials. 2010 Dec 3;11:118. Read more

Outcome assessment of decentralization of ART provision in a rural district in Malawi using an integrated primary care model.

Chan AK, Mateyu G, Jahn A, Schouten E, Mlotha W, Kambanji M, and van Lettow M. Trop Med Int Health 2010; 15s1:90-97. Read more

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